Polynitrobenzenes Containing Alkoxy and Alkylenedioxy
groups: Potential HEMs and Precursors
of New Energetic Materials

 

Jonas ŠARLAUSKAS
Institute of Biochemistry,
Mokslininku 12, LT-08662, Vilnius, Lithuania


Abstract: Several di-, tri- and tetranitroderivatives of alkoxy-, dialkoxy-,
trialkoxy- and cyclic alkylenedioxybenzene derivatives were synthesized by
nitration of starting compounds under different conditions and their properties
were compared to the already known 2,4,6-trinitroanisole and TNT. Synthesized
trinitro- and tetranitrocompounds of alkoxy-/alkylenedioxybenzene (especially
cyclic derivatives) may serve as useful precursors for the synthesis of numerous
energetic derivatives. The highest melting point (286 °C) and calculated density
(1.907 g/cm3
) is marked for 5,6,7,8-tetranitro-2,3-dihydro-1,4-benzodioxine
(TNBD). Promising properties of the latter compound allow further exploration
of this material as a potential thermostable HEM.

Keywords: polynitroderivatives, HEMs, synthesis, 5,6,7,8-tetranitro-2,3-
dihydro-1,4-benzodioxine (TNBD), reactions